Splits in the skin at the back and sides of the heel are unsightly and could be painful. These are fairly common, particularly in those people who are susceptible to them. These types of splits in the skin around the heel happen when the skin is thicker and dry. As the fat pad underneath the heel bulges out sideways when walking puts a strain on the skin that it may not be able take, so the skin just tears or cracks. The using of open back shoes also contributes to the condition. Various medical problems might also lead to the dryness of the skin and a number of different biomechanical problems contribute to the thickening of the skin.
When a crack happens, it does need to be treated as it can act as a portal to have an infection to get in. Firstly, an antiseptic should be used to prevent that if the crack is open. It is then necessary to get rid of the thick callus about the edges of the heel. This can be undertaken by an experienced podiatrist for those who have access to one. Otherwise, you’ll need to use something such as a foot file, pumice stone or emery board and get to work on reducing it. This tends to take a lots of effort. Once that callused skin is reduced, then it’s important to use lotions and ointments to make the skin supple and flexible so it doesn’t have the inclination to crack. Urea based lotions are generally much better for that. When this initial condition is dealt with, then preventative measures ought to be put in place to continue with or else the problem will probably happen again. Occasional use of a foot file or similar is advised to keep the callused skin down and regular use of a urea based ointment is essential to make the skin resistant to splitting and stop the dryness. Avoiding open back shoes is also recommended.